|An awesome view at Hacienda Central Pellejas |
in Adjuntas, PR
|These are the coffee plants |
blooming under the shading
canopy of native tropical trees.
(3) The farm revenue of coffee is estimated at $32 million for Hawaii and $42 million in Puerto Rico (parchment equivalent basis)
(4) Shade coffee plantations are a simplified but stable ecosystem that provides highly structured ecological and agricultural diversity;
|The shading canopy of these tress provides |
a lot of great environmental services.
(6) Shade coffee plantations are excellent buffer zones around natural reserves, providing a smooth transition between urban and natural areas and protecting the surrounding ecosystems;
(7) Shade coffee plantations played a critical role protecting biodiversity in Puerto Rico by providing wildlife habitat during a period when the landscape was severely deforested;
(8) Shade coffee plantations can produce many secondary crops in addition to coffee, increasing the natural biodiversity of a farm and provide an economic incentive by diversifying cash crops for sustainable farming;
(9) Sun-grown coffee plantations hold up to 90 percent fewer bird species than shade coffee plantations, require very high chemical input and year-round labor, lead to greater soil erosion and higher amounts of toxic runoff, seriously affecting aquatic ecosystems like coral reefs, sea turtle nesting beaches, and wetlands;
(11) It is necessary to promote the use of permanent shading trees in United States coffee plantations.